Today’s Eruption Summary
In fact, the current lava eruptions in Puna are as hot as Hawaii’s lava will ever get. “It can’t get hotter than where we are,” Stovall added. “We are pretty much tapping mantle temperatures right now.”
Fissure 8 is beauty & the beast. Since Saturday it’s been pumping out a huge volume of lava, creating pahoehoe and even a’a flows that occasionally surge up to ~600yards/hour. Yesterday its main flow headed NE, skirted the geothermal plant, crossed and followed Hwy 132 for a while, and then started downslope past Noni Farms towards Four Corners, threatening to cut off Kapoho and Lower Puna.
In the early morning hours, officials went door-to-door in the Kapoho area ordering emergency evacuations. Newly-paved Beach Rd was pressed into service as a one-way evacuation route from Four Corners to Hawaiian Beaches. But it’s a race against time, as the lava is headed for that very road.
[ETA: Mick Kalber’s flyover. He’s always got notes on the video’s page.]
I saw no PGV news today, which is good. The summit produced yet more ash & earthquakes, one a pretty good thump (Mag 5.3 at 10:57am, no tsunami). Meanwhile, Fissure 18 is sending a channelized flow towards Hwy 137, just a little east of last week’s flows to the ocean:
10:11 PM HST May 30 Status Update: F8 fountaining continues, but Hwy 132 / Noni Farms flow front advance rate slow; F18 flow has spawned new lobe 1.5 miles above Hwy 137. Summit earthquake activity remains elevated.https://t.co/7sDZqcx8dU pic.twitter.com/BjVjJDy7jS
— USGS Volcanoes🌋 (@USGSVolcanoes) May 31, 2018
TUESDAY EVENING IN PAHOA: USGS BRIEFING
Steve Brantley (summary): Most active, fissure 8 for a couple days. Feeding lava NNE. 18 sending flow east. (noon overflight view) Tall height of fissure 8 (200 ft) sends out pieces of lava or spatter, also Pele’s hair, wafted up by heat and carried on winds. Strands of volcanic glass; be careful in touching/brushing because it shatters to shards/needles. Photos/aerial views of fissure 8 a’a flow encroaching on hwy 132, heading towards path weakest descent.
May 30 USGS Morning Update
USGS Wendy Stoval. Transcript here.
Summary: Fissure 8 flow towards Four Corners, fissure 18 flow towards ocean near Warm Ponds. Explosion that sent ash up 15,000 feet “two nights ago” registered as earthquake but was actually pressure wave.
@esa #Sentinel-1 #interferogram shows #deformation of #Kilauea #Volcano: summit contraction due to magma withdrawal and instability; no deformation in middle and lower East Rift Zone; deformation in Koa`e fault zone due to Monday's M4.1 earthquake. pic.twitter.com/tbfVt5a4N0
— USGS Volcanoes🌋 (@USGSVolcanoes) May 30, 2018
USGS eruption maps May 30
USGS Thermal map May 30, NOON (remember, they’re moving fast):
USGS posted two fissure maps for May 30. Here’s the second at 3PM:
Also see Hawaii County’s civil defense map, updated fairly often. Red dots with timestamps are position of lava flows.
USGS Images and video
Animation: Changes at the Summit
Today the summit was mostly obscured by fog and rain, with the webcam showing occasional glimpses of the “gas and steam plume being emitted from Halema’uma’u.” (USGS)
Video: Fissure 8 tossing tephra, and a video clip of the cooled tephra bits falling on a nearby road. Easier to see on a larger screen:
Video and article: “Follow the Drone to Safety”
“Follow the drone to safety.” USGS UAS mission in Kīlauea volcano’s lower East Rift Zone on 5/27/18 helps guide evacuations and leads to the successful rescue of a resident after a lava pond outbreak sends a fast pāhoehoe flow down Luana Street. https://t.co/S3nUtwYMdM pic.twitter.com/kpfjQI9pOX
— USGS Volcanoes🌋 (@USGSVolcanoes) May 30, 2018
See full explanation and larger-sized version of this video archived on the USGS Multimedia gallery here. TL;DR: A drone guided a resident to first responders, and drones helped first responders reach him and lead him out.
Nice archive of eruption images:
— Tortclam (@Tortclam) May 31, 2018
May 30 8AM Civil Defense Alert (text)
Today’s alerts cont’d: Earthquake info 11am | 12pm update on lava advance (video version) | 6pm update: Fissure 8 flow 2.5 miles from Four Corners; Fissure 18 flow half mile from Hwy 137 near Ahalanui County Park
Reports from local news media
— Honolulu Civil Beat (@CivilBeat) May 31, 2018
- HNN: “Here’s how to help those impacted by the Kilauea eruptions“
- BIN: “Mayor Kim Announces Change in Emergency Procedure” – After two nights of rescues in Leilani Estates, which has been under mandatory evacuation orders for weeks, first responders will no longer go door to door telling people to get out when lava’s coming. (See video of Kim’s speech at Tuesday night meeting.)
- HSA: “Residents of Kapoho Beach Lots and Vacationland advised to evacuate“
- HNN: “Evacuations broaden as fast-moving lava threatens homes, roads” – “You are at risk of being isolated due to possible inundation of Beach Rd near Four Corners” — Civil Defense 1AM Wednesday warning.
- HCB: “Lava Speeds Up and Forces More Evacuations As Despair Grows” (great photos from LavaCam Livestream’s Anthony Quintano)
- HNN: “Residents in the ash fall voice their concerns at meeting“
- BIN: “Work begins on Chain of Craters-Kalapana evacuation route” with video clip of bulldozer clearing an old Pu’u O’o lava flow
- HPR: “Hawaii’s Volcanic Eruption Draws Scientific Interest“
- KITN: “Fake GoFundMe accounts looking to profit off of Kilauea’s destruction” – GoFundMe has a list of Kilauea evacuee GoFundMe accounts that it has verified as real here. (John & David’s is listed.)
- HNN: “Making a bad situation worse: Lava evacuees are running into rental scams“
- HSA: “Leilani Estates man arrested for allegedly shooting handgun at resident“
- HNN: Mayor tells residents in lava-ravaged lower Puna: “We’ll get through this”
Wow. Evening news clip for HNN:
#LeilaniEstatesEruption #KilaueaVolcano LATEST (May 30 at 8:30 PM): Fissure 8 continues to fire tonight shooting lava upwards of 200 feet into the air. The fountain from fissure 8 is feeding a lava flow that rushed out of #LeilaniEstates, crossed Highway 132 after passing through Puna Geothermal Venture, and is now trekking toward Four Corners (the Highway 132/ Highway 137 intersection) which is threatening the coastal communities of Kapoho and Vacationland — forcing their evacuation. According to Hawaiʻi County Civil Defense agency officials, the flow from fissure 8 is approximately 2 ½ miles from Four Corners and a flow from fissure 18 is about a half-a-mile from Highway 137, north of Ahalanui County Park. USGS geologists who have studied Kīlauea Volcano for decades say the intensity of the lava fountaining from fissure 8 in Leilani Estates is unlike anything they have ever experienced or imagined seeing — certainly not in the middle of a populated, residential community. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory officials say the lava fountaining out of fissure 8 is definitely coming from Puʻu ʻŌʻō and they say it’s the hottest lava they’ve ever seen. According to one geologist: “Lava can’t get hotter than where we are.” *Watch my #InstaStory #LIVE for more* Stay tuned to @HawaiiNewsNow for the very latest developments #HInews #HawaiiNews #HNN #HawaiiNewsNow #WeAreYourSource
Random social media roundup:
#NEW Here's a look at the lava crews will have to remove from Chain of Craters road in order to create an evacuation route in the event Hwy 30 is cut off by the eruption. Work is expected to be complete in 1-2 weeks. Photo: NPS Photo/Mike Theune #Kilauea pic.twitter.com/Dma4xFTurS
— Allyson Blair (@AllysonBlairTV) May 31, 2018
A fissure from Hawaii’s erupting volcano Kilauea reopened on Monday, spewing fountains of lava 200 feet into the air and creating a phenomenon called “Pele’s hair”—thin strands… https://t.co/X9fU4ekpH1
— Future Lab 3D (@FutureLab3D) May 31, 2018
#LeilaniEstatesEruption #KilaueaVolcano UPDATE (May 30 at 3:45 PM): According to Hawaiian Volcano Observatory’s Dr. Jim Kauahikaua, the leading edge of the lava flow produced by a very active fissure 8 in #LeilaniEstates is now 2.5 miles from Four Corners — and although it still appears to be heading in that direction, it has slowed to a rate of 45-80 yards per hour. At its highest speed, it was racing east toward the Highway 132 / Highway 137 intersection around 600 yards per hour. Hawaiʻi County Civil Defense Agency Administrator Talmadge Magno says he intends to provide reentry access to Kapoho area evacuees for as long as safely possible. However, just like the evacuees of #LeilaniEstates — these residents will need to be out by 6 PM each night. An estimated 500 homes in the Kapoho area are included in the expanded evacuation since the fast-moving flow from fissure 8 sent pāhoehoe lava crossed Highway 132 after passing through Puna Geothermal Venture and started trekking east along Highway 132 toward Four Corners. Magno estimated there are around 2,500 people who have been displaced since the first fissure opened on Mohala Street on May 3. According to Civil Defense, 75 houses have been claimed by lava — which at last check has covered more than 3,200 acres. Keep in mind Highway 137 or Beach Road is still closed between Pohoiki and Kamaʻili Roads where the lava crossed and is still trickling into the ocean. The only way into areas southwest of Kamaʻili Road — like Kalapana and Kaimu — is using Highway 130 where several steel plates are covering cracks along the road, which continue to widen and release steam but where no sulfur dioxide has been detected yet. However, officials have lowered the speed limit to 25 mph. You are advised to make necessary plans and monitor your radio or phone for Civil Defense alerts. Stay tuned to @HawaiiNewsNow for the very latest developments #HInews #HawaiiNews #HNN #HawaiiNewsNow #WeAreYourSource (Photos: Andrew Richard Hara @andrewrichardhara taken earlier today)
"Eruption on Kilauea"
I was at a little over 9,000 feet on a dormant volcano, Mauna Kea acclimatizing before I headed to the 13,000 summit, where I wanted to get images of the island and a Sunset. I felt an earthquake start, and a few minutes later, the 1st of three eruptions. pic.twitter.com/kEhxNeWM10
— Gary Peterson (@GMPPhotography) May 31, 2018
— The Daily Hawaii (@thedailyhawaii) May 31, 2018